Of the countless cities spanning across the country, Boston was the top-scoring one for energy-efficiency in the nation. There has been an effort to cut back on energy use and reduce greenhouse gas emissions that come from various sources including buildings and transportation. The city has taken a very calculated approach to energy-efficiency, setting benchmarks and creating actionable policies meant to further their goals.
Some of those actions include:
- Setting savings goals back in 2009 to ensure a target for increased efficiency moving forward
- Sending an energy adviser to homes to perform a Home Energy Assessment – at absolutely no cost to individuals (who can also qualify for free high-efficiency light bulbs, water saving devices and even get discounts for installing insulation) through the Renew Boston program
- Requiring all large buildings to rate and report their energy use to city officials
2. New York
Just like Boston, the city of New York has been pushing towards a goal of greenhouse gas reduction. Several interim targets have been set and are meant to get the reduction started and provide a benchmark for long term goals. As it stands, the city is on it way to achieve its local government greenhouse gas goal and makes a point of issuing reports on its progress in regard to its goal regularly online. So far New York has:
- Initiated a Carbon Challenge in which the Mayor’s Office provides resources and support to private, institutional, and non-profit sectors in order to achieve the citywide goal
- Requires buildings that receive more than a specified amount of funding from the city to achieve Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) certification
- Provides no-cost energy-efficiency solutions to residents with lower incomes
Seattle has been making major strides to improve its overall energy-efficiency as it has enacted policies meant to boost everything from the energy used in new buildings to the vehicles that serve the city. There currently exists an overarching goal for energy reduction, although as of 2017 the city was still a ways off from being on track to reach that target. Some of the strides Seattle is currently making include:
- Every five years buildings require Tune-Ups, an assessment and improvement of overall efficiency
- The city is currently expanding its fleet of electric vehicle cars with the Drive Clean Seattle electrification initiative
- Conducts greenhouse gas inventory every three to four years to identify the most significant sources of greenhouse gas production
When it comes to energy-efficiency, seeing a city’s leadership follow through themselves on the kinds of actions and behaviors that they are advising residents to engage in can go a long way. Portland is such a city as it holds itself accountable (namely the city and county government) to reduce carbon emissions from 1990 levels by 50% by 2030. They are making big strides to improve their efficiency in a number of ways:
- They’re working to reduce the energy used by city vehicles and 20% of the fleet will be electric vehicles by 2030
- All vehicles currently have GPS to make driving the most efficient with a specific city idle reduction policy in place that outlines exactly how and when city employees and officials should leave vehicles running on idle
- The city also offers low-income residents with free weatherizing services through the Multifamily Low-Income Weatherization program which helps improve efficiency within homes
4. Los Angeles(Tied)
Another city that has been setting a number of forward-looking goals for themselves is Los Angeles, who released their emissions targets in what is known as the Sustainable City pLAn. This plan is meant to gradually reduce greenhouse gas emission to meet ten-year goals. As of 2017, the city was following through on efforts to achieve their goals. There is still some work to be done to ensure they can hit all of their targets, but as of now LA has:
- Maintained the largest municipal electric vehicle(EV) fleet in the country with 475 vehicles
- Launched Solar Rooftops, a program that aids communities by subsidizing the cost of solar panel installation
- Installed 140,000 square feet of cool pavement and almost 40 million square feet of cool roofs that help to lessen the severity of the urban heat
In Texas, the city of Austin maintains a pretty aggressive goal: reaching zero waste by 2040. That means cutting trash sent to landfills by 90%. The city is also working to transition to carbon-neutral operations. Based on the target, Austin would have to cut emissions by nearly 8% each year. Because of this, the city is currently working to get on track to its goal and it looking into measures that relate to water, electricity, waste reduction and more. Some of Austin’s efforts thus far include:
- Plans to start funding more waste-elimination and prevention efforts, use clean production options, and encourage retailers to educate consumers and take more products back.
- Offers city employees free bus passes
- Maintain 33 charging stations that are available to city staff who drive 33 Toyota Prius vehicles.
Chicago is currently working towards energy-efficiency and aiming to achieve the goals of the Chicago Climate Action plan, in which the city reduces its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by the year 2020. This is to be carried out based on five strategies, Energy Efficient Buildings, Clean and Renewable Energy Sources, Improved Transportation Options, Adaptation, and Reduced Waste and Industrial Pollution. So far the city has:
- Assisted numerous properties pro bono in an attempt to aid with benchmarking and verification
- Worked to modernize the city’s outdoor lighting to allow for greater capability which would affect over 80% of Chicago’s outdoor lights
- Provided expedited green permits to construction that involves environmental-friendly practices including the use of green roofs and rainwater harvesting.
So that’s what the Greenest Cities in the US are doing to take their energy savings to new heights.
What did you learn from them that you could implement in your own life?